Problem 63

We define a complete binary tree with height H as a tree where:

  • levels 1,...,H-1 contain the maximum number of nodes,
  • and in level H all the nodes are "left-adjusted".

Example

completeTree 4 'x' == 
Tree 'x' (Tree 'x' (Tree 'x' Empty Empty) Empty) (Tree 'x' Empty Empty)

Unit Test

import Html
import List


type Tree a
    = Empty
    | Node a (Tree a) (Tree a)


completeTree : a -> Int -> Tree a
completeTree v n =
    -- your implementation here
    Empty


main =
    Html.text
        (if (test) then
            "Your implementation passed all tests."
         else
            "Your implementation failed at least one test."
        )


test : Bool
test =
    List.all ((==) True)
        [ completeTree 'x' 0 == Empty
        , completeTree 'x' 1 == Node 'x' Empty Empty
        , completeTree 'x' 3 == (Node 'x' (Node 'x' Empty Empty) (Node 'x' Empty Empty))
        , completeTree 'x' 5 == (Node 'x' 
                                    (Node 'x' (Node 'x' Empty Empty) (Node 'x' Empty Empty)) 
                                    (Node 'x' Empty Empty))
        ]

Hints

Heaps commonly use complete binary trees as data structures or addressing schemes. We can assign an address to each node in a complete binary tree by enumerating the nodes in level-order starting at the root with number 1. For every node X with address A the following holds: The address of X's left and right successors are 2*A and 2*A+1, respectively, if they exist. This fact can be used to elegantly construct a complete binary tree structure.

Solutions

Solutions

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